Caribbean Hindustani (Hindustani, Caribbean) Bible - New Testament

Caribbean Hindustani (Hindustani, Caribbean) Bible - New Testament

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Caribbean Hindustani (Hindustani, Caribbean) Bible - New Testament

Caribbean Hindustani is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by Indo-Caribbeans and the Indo-Caribbean diaspora. It is based on Bhojpuri with influences from Awadhi. These were spoken by indentured laborers who came as immigrants to the Caribbean from the Indian subcontinent. It is closely related to Fijian Hindi and the Hindustani spoken in Mauritius and South Africa. Because a majority of people came from the Awadh region in Uttar Pradesh and the Bhojpur region in Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh, Caribbean Hindustani is most influenced by Bhojpuri, Awadhi, and other Eastern Hindi-Bihari dialects. It has a very minor influence from Tamil, Telugu, and other Dravidian languages. It has also borrowed many words from Dutch in Suriname and other Dutch colonies, and English and French in former British colonies and French colonies. Many words unique to Caribbean Hindustani have been created to cater for the new environment that Indo-Caribbeans now live in. Like the Hindustani spoken in the Indian subcontinent, Caribbean Hindustani is broken up into two registers Caribbean Hindi and Caribbean Urdu. Hindustani refers to both Hindi and Urdu. Caribbean Hindi is spoken by Hindus and people of Hindu descent, whereas Caribbean Urdu is spoken by Muslims and people of Muslim descent. Caribbean Hindi has more influence from Sanskrit and Prakrit, while Caribbean Urdu has more influence from Arabic, Chagatai, and Persian. Hindi is written in the Devanagari, Devanagari Braille, and Kaithi script, whereas Urdu is written in the Perso-Arabic script and Urdu Braille, although in more recent times they both are written in the Latin script and English Braille. Chutney music, chutney soca, chutney parang, baithak gana, folk music, classical music, some Hindu religious songs, some Muslim religious songs, and even some Indian Christian religious songs are sung in Caribbean Hindustani, sometimes being mixed with English in the Anglophone Caribbean or Dutch in Suriname and the Dutch Caribbean.