Northern Thai Bible - New Testament

Northern Thai Bible - New Testament

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Northern Thai Bible - New Testament

Northern Thai (Thai: ภาษาไทยถิ่นเหนือ, ภาษาถิ่นพายัพ), Lanna (Thai: ภาษาล้านนา), or Kam Mueang (Northern Thai: , pronounced [käm˧.mɯa̯ŋ˧], (listen); Thai: คำเมือง, pronounced [kʰām.mɯ̄a̯ŋ]), is the language of the Northern Thai people of Lanna, Thailand. It is a Southwestern Tai language that is phonotactically closely related to Lao. Northern Thai has approximately six million speakers, most of whom live in the native Northern Thailand, with a smaller community of Lanna speakers in northwestern Laos. Speakers of this language generally consider the name "Tai Yuan" to be pejorative. They refer to themselves as khon mueang (คนเมือง, [xon˧.mɯa̯ŋ˧] - literally "Mueang people"), Lanna, or Northern Thai. The language is also sometimes referred to as phayap (พายัพ, Thai pronunciation: [pʰāː.jáp]), "Northwestern (speech)". The term Yuan is still sometimes used for Northern Thai's distinctive Tai Tham alphabet, which is closely related to the old Tai Lue alphabet and the Lao religious alphabets. The use of the tua mueang, as the traditional alphabet is known, is now largely limited to Buddhist temples, where many old sermon manuscripts are still in active use. There is no active production of literature in the traditional alphabet. The modern spoken form is called Kam Muang. There is a resurgence of interest in writing it in the traditional way, but the modern pronunciation differs from that prescribed in spelling rules.From a purely genealogical standpoint, most linguists consider Northern Thai to be more closely related to Central Thai than to Lao or Isan, but the language has been heavily influenced by both Lao and Central Thai throughout history. All Southwestern Tai languages form a coherent dialect continuum of more or less mutually intelligible varieties, with few sharp dividing lines. Nevertheless, Northern Thai has today become closer to the Central Thai language.